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About Us

Adopted in 1949 by the World Medical Association’s (WMA) General Assembly, the International Code of Medical Ethics (ICoME) outlines the guidelines, norms, and central duties of the medical profession. In 2018, the WMA appointed a workgroup to begin the process of revising this seminal document.


Early in the revision process, the ICoME workgroup determined that the subject of conscientious objection should be addressed in the revised draft. Realizing that this is a topic that would require an especially nuanced and in-depth debate, the workgroup requested in October 2020 that the WMA host a dedicated conference on physician conscientious objection be held once in-person meetings were feasible. In the summer of 2021, a public consultation generated a vast amount of feedback on this subject from global medical ethics experts, thus validating the need for this important meeting.


Co-organized by Indonesian Medical Association (Ikatan Dokter Indonesia/IDI) and the WMA, the International Code of Medical Ethics Dedicated Conference on Physician Conscientious Objection will provide an arena for a focused discussion on the wording of the paragraph on conscientious objection in the current revised draft of the ICoME for WMA members and also organizes a symposium for Indonesian participants.

Welcome message

On behalf of the World Medical Association, I am pleased to welcome you all participants from our membership as well as external experts who have great interests in this dedicated conference on physician conscientious objection. As we had a vast amount of feedback on this subject from global medical ethics experts during the public consultation in the summer of 2021, I believe that the discussion in this conference will be important and can give a guide how we address this subject in the revision of the the International Code of Medical Ethics (ICoME) which outlines the guidelines, norms, and central duties of the medical profession.

To the Indonesian Medical Association, I am grateful for co-hosting this important conference in Jakarta!

Dr. Heidi Stensmyren

President of World Medical Association

dr heidi
dr m adib

We are pleased to welcome all delegates and participants of this year’s International Code of Medical Ethics Dedicated Conference on Physician Conscientious Objection which will take place on the 4-5 July 2022 in Jakarta conference. Ethical issues are essential for physicians to comprehend. Without ethics, a physician cannot provide an optimal treatment. A doctor could even harm a patient without holding on to proper ethical principles. This conference aims to deepen knowledge and to provide a new perspective in deciding on a dilemmatic course of action. Sometimes, wise decisions don't come from actions, but from abstaining from actions.

We hope that the delegates will enjoy their time in Jakarta. Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia, which serves as an ideal meeting place for representatives from the archipelago. As such, it is also a suitable place for an international scale conference to take place.

Dr. Muhammad Adib Khumaidi

President of Idonesian Medical Association

It is with immense pleasure that I welcome every single one of you to this year’s International Code of Medical Ethics Dedicated Conference on Physician Conscientious Objection which will take place on the 4-5 July 2022 in Jakarta. Conscientious Objection remains a topic that needs to be addressed with the utmost urgency as many physicians are faced with situations that inflict professional and personal dilemma in their daily practice. 

In Indonesia itself, the topic of medical ethics in general have been receiving a wider- spread attention not only among healthcare professionals but also among the general public. This conference aids in giving us a more in-depth perception on medical ethics, especially on the subject of Physician Conscientious Objection. I wholeheartedly wish for every delegate to be able to receive invaluable insight on the topics that will be discussed. 

Lastly, I wish for everyone to have a pleasurable stay in Jakarta, Indonesia. Hopefully everyone will also indulge in the beautiful city view and have the opportunity to enjoy some of the delightful Jakarta delicacies.

Dr. Pukovisa Prawiroharjo

Chairman of the Committee


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