Jakarta is the name of the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia. DKI Jakarta Province is divided into five administrative cities and one administrative district, namely: Central Jakarta Administrative City with an area of 47.90 km2, North Jakarta with an area of 142.20 km2, West Jakarta with an area of 126.15 km2, South Jakarta with an area of 145 ,73 km2, East Jakarta with an area of 187.73 km2, and the Thousand Islands Administrative District with an area of 11.81 km2. To the north stretches 35 km of beach which is the mouth of 13 rivers and two canals. To the south and east it is bordered by Depok City, Bogor Regency, Bekasi City and Bekasi Regency, to the west by Tangerang City and Tangerang Regency, and to the north by the Java Sea.
Climate of Jakarta
The condition of the city of Jakarta is generally hot with a maximum air temperature of 32.7°C-34.°C during the day, and a minimum air temperature of 23.8°C-25.4°C at night. The average rainfall throughout the year is 237.96 mm, during the period 2002-2006 the lowest rainfall of 122.0 mm occurred in 2002 and the highest of 267.4 mm occurred in 2005, with air humidity levels reaching 73.0-78, 0 percent and the average wind speed reaches 2.2 m/s-2.5 m/s.
History of Jakarta
As a port city, Jakarta was originally named Sunda Kelapa. Then, on June 22, 1527, Prince Fatahillah came and founded the city of Jayakarta to replace Sunda Kelapa. This date was later determined as the time when the city of Jakarta was founded. Until now, every June 22 is celebrated as the Anniversary of the Capital City of the Republic of Indonesia. The city of Jayakarta developed as a busy port city, where traders from China, India, Arabia, Europe and other countries exchanged commodities. In 1619, the Dutch VOC led by Jan Pieterszoon Coen destroyed Jayakarta, then built a new city on the west side of the Ciliwung river called Batavia, taken from Batavieren, the ancestor of the Dutch nation.
Batavia was used to name this city for more than three centuries. At least starting in 1619, or other sources say the year 1621, until 1942. In line with the de-Nederlandization policy by the Japanese Government, the name of the city was deliberately changed to Indonesian or Japanese. As a result, in 1942, the name Batavia changed to Djakarta as an acronym for Djajakarta. After Japan lost in World War II and Indonesia became independent on August 17, 1945, the name Jakarta was still used by leaving its Japanese name.